“Animal Farm” by George Orwell

“The creatures outside looked from pig to man, and from man to pig, and from pig to man again; but already it was impossible to say which was which”(Orwell, p.112). This was the closing line of George Orwell’s Animal Farm, and is arguably the most impactful sentence in the book because of the accusation the sentence is implying. George Orwell is making a shockingly bold attack against the “elites” of our society. The book is an allegory comparing pigs to men with power and money. He accuses the rich and powerful to be polished and pleasant on the outside, but greedy and dirty on the inside. The pigs seem like the good guys at the beginning of the book, but by the end of the book you realize how terrible they are.

The pigs say many things in the book that make them seem good to the other farm animals, yet their true agenda is soon revealed. At the outset of the book, the animals on Manor Farm rebel against their human owner and soon the Manor Farm is changed to Animal Farm. The pigs, being smarter than the rest of the farm animals take charge to keep the farm organized. They say many things that are good such as “Every animal is equal!”, or “No animal shall kill another animal!” The problem is the pigs have all the farm animals doing all the work on the farm while the pigs relax as time progresses. They were able to trick the other animals by being smart and sneaky and were secretly gaining control of the farm until it was a dictatorship without the other farm animals knowing.

Specifically, the pigs made rules that were initially good, but added loopholes over time so that they could still do what they wanted without breaking any rules. The rules at first seemed fair and good. However, after some time, those rules changed, albeit subtly. For example, one of the rules established by the pigs forbid sleeping in human’s beds. Then, a few days later, the sick pigs start sleeping in the beds and the pigs justified their actions, saying, “Oh the human bed is good for helping sick animals rest” (citation missing). Then, a few days later, the leader pig started sleeping on the beds everyday and when he is questioned by the other animals, his answer is, “I’m very stressed looking after you and the bed helps me rest” (citation missing). This ongoing justification of the pigs changing the rules continues for some time. Slowly, the pigs tweaked the rules little by little, and by the time the animals figured out what was going on, it was too late–the pigs had full control. In the opening chapters of Animal Farm, some of the rules were “No animal shall kill any other animal”, or ‘“All animals are equal”, or “No animal shall drink alcohol”. These rules were painted onto the side of the barn for all to see and remember. By the end of the book, though, the rules painted on the side of the barn read, “No animal shall kill any other animal without cause” and “No animal shall drink alcohol to excess” and the most famous–“All animals are equal, but some are more equal than others” (citation missing). Because the pigs were so cunning and sly and smooth talking, they were able to talk the other animals into believing everything they said.

The pigs are able to convince the other animals that they are fair and that everyone is equal, yet the pigs make all the decisions because the other animals aren’t smart enough to do anything about it. The pigs use the other animals’ gullibility to their advantage by elevating themselves into high positions of leadership while keeping the other animals in subservience to them. During the meetings, the pigs always held votes, but the problem was that the pigs outnumbered the rest of the animals. They always persuaded the others to believe that they were doing what was best for the whole farm. Even though the pigs don’t do any work and just eat and sleep all day while the rest of the farm animals are working, they still managed to convince everyone that they are fair and pursuing the common good.

In conclusion, the pigs were horrible, filthy creatures that controlled the farm with smooth words and false statements. The shocking part about this book is that the pigs are compared to the rich, powerful people in society! George Orwell makes a bold attack on the world’s elites by comparing them to pigs–horrible, dirty creatures that are able to seem pleasant and polished on the outside. The aristocrats of society hide behind masks to conceal their true intentions. This is what makes them so terrible. If they weren’t able to conceal their true agenda from others, they never would have risen up the ranks into leadership positions. George Orwell reveals his view on society in this book by writing about the deception and the manipulation that leaders at the top often engage in, but on the flip side, he also exposes the gullibility of the common people.

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